H-D Systems analyzes different alternative fuels for efficiency, cost-savings, and environmental impact. We analyze the issues from the “pump to the wheel” but are fully cognizant of fuel supply issues in the whole analysis. The issues we examine include:
• Distribution and Retailing Infrastructure
• Engine/Fuel Interactions
as well as other factors such as hedonic attributes of alternative fuel vehicles and their attractiveness to customers.
Over the last decades, a number of fuels like methanol, ethanol, natural gas and propane (LPG) have received attention but vehicle electrification has now received the majority of funding and is widely regarded as the optimal direction for the future. The mild hybrid and the “full” hybrid are regarded as stepping stones to the future for full battery electric vehicles and eventually, fuel cell vehicles, as shown below.